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Addressing child sexual abuse

Question écrite de - Commission européenne

Question de ,

Diffusée le 11 novembre 2018

Subject: Addressing child sexual abuse

Recent studies have shown that 10% to 20% of children in Europe have been victims of sexual abuse during their childhood1. These statistics are not a representative sample since the majority of abused children do not report it2. The rate of sexual abuse is even greater in the case of children (particularly unaccompanied minors) who choose to migrate to Europe. This rate is estimated to be particularly high for migrant minors who arrive in the EU from African and Asian war zones3. Inextricably linked to crimes of child sexual abuse and exploitation is the ‘epidemic’ of internet child pornography4. The EU and its Member States appear hesitant in committing to prevent and combat these crimes. The adoption of the relevant EU Directive 201193/ΕU is deemed deficient and inadequate5.

Can the Commission say:

1. What actions it plans to take in order to commit to preventing and combating these crimes and the complete and effective adoption of the relevant law by Member States? 2. Does it intend to take measures to activate contemporary electronic security methods and control mechanisms of the ‘Dark Web’ to combat child pornography and the distribution of such content?

1 https://ec.europa.eu/home-affairs/what-we-do/policies/organized-crime-and-human-trafficking/child-sexual-

abuse_en 2

http://www.iefimerida.gr/news/375683/dyo-sta-10-paidia-stin-ellada-ehoyn-ypostei- sexoyaliki#ixzz4yK8pKWIH 3

Irregular migration and child sexual abuse/Sexual abuse of child migrants in Europe - Study/Publication metadata/ Published: 2017-06-29/Corporate author(s): Directorate-General for Migration and Home Affairs (European Commission) https://publications.europa.eu/en/publication-detail/-/publication/7fad4a13-5d41- 11e7-954d-01aa75ed71a1/language-en/format-PDF/source-31537860 4 https://www.wearethorn.org/child-pornography-and-abuse-statistics 5 http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?pubRef=-//EP//NONSGML+TA+P8-TA-2017-

0501+0+DOC+PDF+V0//EL

Réponse - Commission européenne

Diffusée le 8 janvier 2019

Answer given by Mr Avramopoulos on behalf of the European Commission (9 January 2019)

Directive 2011/93/EU (6) introduced a comprehensive legal framework covering assistance to victims, investigation and prosecution of crimes and prevention, including the obligation to swiftly remove online child sexual abuse material.

The Commission is assessing the extent to which national measures comply with the corresponding provisions in the directive, following the publication of two transposition reports in 2016 (7). In cases of non-conformity, the Commission will take legal action against Member States in accordance with the Treaties.

The Commission is also supporting Member States in the implementation of the directive by facilitating the development and exchange of best practices, including through thematic workshops, of which four have been organised in 2018.

To improve the law enforcement response, the Commission supports the EMPACT policy cycle (8) to coordinate law enforcement action to fight child sexual abuse.

In addition, the Commission has funded, with a total of EUR 3.6 million over 2009-2018, the continuing development of Interpol’s International Child Sexual Exploitation image database (9), to enable victim identification and investigation of crimes. The Commission has also funded the INHOPE network of hotlines, which facilitate the reporting by the public of child sexual abuse material for its swift removal.

Following the 2017 Joint Communication on cybersecurity (10), the Commission has strengthened the law enforcement response to counter criminality on the Dark Web, including child sexual abuse materials.

Europol created in May 2018 a dedicated team to support Member States investigations in the Dark Web and facilitate coordination. This coordinated approach has proved efficient in taking down major illegal marketplaces in the Dark Web (11).

⋅1∙ https://ec.europa.eu/home-affairs/what-we-do/policies/organised-crime-and-human-trafficking/child-sexual-abuse_en

⋅2∙ http://www.iefimerida.gr/news/375683/dyo-sta-10-paidia-stin-ellada-ehoyn-ypostei-sexoyaliki#ixzz4yK8pKWIH

⋅3∙ Irregular migration and child sexual abuse/Sexual abuse of child migrants in Europe — Study/Publication metadata/ Published: 2017-06-29/Corporate author(s):

Directorate-General for Migration and Home Affairs (European Commission) https://publications.europa.eu/en/publication-detail/-/publication/7fad4a13-5d41- 11e7-954d-01aa75ed71a1/language-en/format-PDF/source-31537860

⋅4∙ https://www.wearethorn.org/child-pornography-and-abuse-statistics

⋅5∙ http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?pubRef=-//EP//NONSGML+TA+P8-TA-2017-0501+0+DOC+PDF+V0//EL

⋅6∙ Directive 2011/93/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 December 2011 on combating the sexual abuse and sexual exploitation of children and

child pornography, and replacing Council Framework Decision 2004/68/JHA. ⋅7∙ COM(2016) 871 and COM(2016) 872.

⋅8∙ https://www.europol.europa.eu/crime-areas-and-trends/eu-policy-cycle-empact

⋅9∙ https://www.interpol.int/Crime-areas/Crimes-against-children/Victim-identification

⋅10∙ JOIN(2017) 450 final.

⋅11∙ https://www.europol.europa.eu/newsroom/news/joint-action-day-targets-counterfeiters-darknet





















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