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Crime prevention and public safety in the EU

Question écrite de Mme Maria GRAPINI - Commission européenne

Question de Mme Maria GRAPINI,

Diffusée le 16 octobre 2019

Subject: Crime prevention and public safety in the EU

A terrible crime has recently been committed in Romania by a Dutch national who kidnapped an 11- year-old girl on her way home from school and then raped and killed her. In view of the many underage victims of rape and paedophilia in the EU, does the Commission not believe that its Member States should share information regarding convicted offenders with a view to combating crimes such as the abduction of minors, paedophilia and human trafficking?

What measures will the Commission take to prevent the horrific crimes now occurring and ensure public safety in the EU?

Réponse - Commission européenne

Diffusée le 2 février 2020

Answer given by Ms Johansson on behalf of the European Commission

(3 February 2020)

There is a clear commitment in the EU to fight the sexual exploitation of children, including that committed by transnational sex offenders. Under the Child Sexual Exploitation Directive (1), Member States are in charge of prosecuting child sex abuse committed by their nationals abroad. They are also obliged to prevent or prohibit the dissemination of material advertising the opportunity to commit child sex abuse and organising travel arrangements for this purpose. The Commission monitors compliance of Member States with these obligations (2) and has opened infringement procedures against 23 Member States in 2019 for non-transposition and/or incorrect transposition of the directive.

The European Criminal Records Information System (ECRIS) (3) was created to improve the exchange of information on criminal records throughout the EU, including those related to sexual exploitation of children and child trafficking (4). Member States’ authorities must store and update all the information received and retransmit them when requested so that each EU country is in a position to provide exhaustive, up-to-date information on its nationals’ criminal records, regardless of where those convictions are handed down.

The Commission supports better operational action against transnational child sex offenders by national authorities. The Commission facilitates the exchange of best practices between EU and United States experts, and participates with Europol and Member States in the EU Policy Cycle for organised and serious international crime, to strengthen coordination of law enforcement agencies. Europol assists Member States’ authorities in identifying potential travelling sex offenders and launched Project HAVEN (Halting Europeans Abusing Victims in Every Nation) in November 2010. The project aims to detect and disrupt travelling sex offenders originating from the EU.

⋅1∙ Directive 2011/93/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 December 2011 on combating the sexual abuse and sexual exploitation of children and

child pornography, and replacing Council Framework Decision 2004/68/JHA.

⋅2∙ Report from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council assessing the extent to which the Member States have taken the necessary measures in

order to comply with Directive 2011/93/EU of 13 December 2011 on combatting the sexual abuse and sexual exploitation of children and child pornography, COM(2016) 871 final.

⋅3∙ Council Framework Decision 2009/315/JHA of 26 February 2009 on the organisation and content of the exchange of information extracted from the criminal

record between Member States.

⋅4∙ For an overview of the work carried out under the EU legal and policy framework on the fight against trafficking in human beings, see EU anti-trafficking action 2012-

2016 at a Glance (https://ec.europa.eu/anti-trafficking/sites/antitrafficking/files/eu_anti-trafficking_action_2012-

2016_at_a_glance.pdf) and

EU anti-trafficking action 2017-2019 at a glance (https://ec.europa.eu/anti-trafficking/sites/antitrafficking/files/eu_anti-

trafficking_action_2017-2019_at_a_glance.pdf).







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