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Disastrous national CAP plan drawn up by Pedro Sánchez

Question écrite de M. Jorge BUXADÉ VILLALBA - Commission européenne

Question de M. Jorge BUXADÉ VILLALBA,

Diffusée le 17 juillet 2023

Subject: Disastrous national CAP plan drawn up by Pedro Sánchez

The European Parliament has just published its comparative analysis of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) strategic plans and their forced contribution to the European Union’s climate objectives.

This comparative analysis reflects a worrying deterioration in Spain’s position regarding the financing of our primary sector following the management of Pedro Sánchez’s government. It also indicates considerable shortcomings in the national strategic plan prepared by the executive.

In light of that analysis and without prejudice to the eminently ideological nature of those objectives, I would like to ask the following questions:

1. Why is there a decrease in the percentage of planned funding through direct payments to Spain in the period 2023-2027 compared to Pillar I expenditure in the period 2015-2020?

2. Why is the annual funding intensity per hectare for Spain the lowest in the EU (together with Latvia, Portugal and Romania)?

3. Has the Commission been informed by the Spanish Government of any improvement in its strategic plan for the protection of water quality, the lowest of all national plans?


Réponse - Commission européenne

Diffusée le 27 septembre 2023

Answer given by Mr Wojciechowski on behalf of the European Commission (28 September 2023)

1. According to Annex II of Regulation (EU) No 1307/2013 (1), the total amount of direct payments available to Spain in the 6 years of 2015-2020 was about EUR 29.227 billion, with a yearly average of EUR 4.871.320 billion, whereas Annex V of Regulation (EU) 2021/2115 (2) provides for a total amount of direct payments of about EUR 24.440 billion for the five years of 2023-2027, with a yearly average of EUR 4.888.019 billion. Therefore, there is a slightly higher direct payments budget per year in the new period in Spain.

2. Funding per hectare is based on the Basic Income Support for Sustainability (BISS) plus the funding coming from a range of other interventions (redistributive payments, eco-schemes, payments for areas with natural constraints, etc.). Funding per hectare for these interventions depends on Member States’ choices in their Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) Strategic Plans and on individual farmers’ choices to participate or not in, for instance, eco-schemes. The level of the BISS unit amount in Spain is very close to those of France, Croatia, or Finland.

3. In the Spanish CAP Strategic Plan, there is a combined approach of regulatory and voluntary support tools related to sustainable pesticide and nutrient management to address water quality. Besides the standard for good agricultural and environmental condition of land GAEC 2 aiming to improve the water quality, this includes also an additional GAEC 10, for an improved nutrient management. A national law adopted in December 2022 sets-up the gradual implementation of these additional sustainable fertilisation practices. The Commission is currently informed of the application of the digital farm notebook, which will begin on 1 January 2024 for farms of more than 30 hectares.

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