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Failure to review the environmental impact assessment and environmental implications assessment in the construction of the Perugia ‘Nodino’ bypass

Question écrite de Mme Tiziana BEGHIN - Commission européenne


Subject: Failure to review the environmental impact assessment and environmental implications assessment in the construction of the Perugia ‘Nodino’ bypass

On 22 February 2023, ANAS S.p.A. (the Italian national highways operator) submitted the final plans for the construction of a bypass on the E45 highway in the Umbria Region. This alternative route will connect Madonna del Piano and Collestrada, bypassing the Collestrada-Ponte San Giovanni section and addressing road traffic congestion on that stretch.

However, it is very clear from ANAS’s own estimates that this project, if implemented, would not, in any case, significantly reduce either heavy or light vehicle traffic.

It is also crucial to point out these plans and the accompanying environmental impact assessment are the second iteration of a project which had previously been granted preliminary approval by the Interministerial Committee for Economic Planning under Decision No 156 of 22 December 2006, when the construction site was classified as a Site of Community Importance under the relevant European legislation. It is only since then that it has been upgraded to the status of Special Area of Conservation (SAC) by virtue of the Interministerial Decree of 7 August 2014.

The applicable regulatory framework has changed significantly from 2006 to the present day, and neither the environmental impact assessment nor the environmental implications assessment have been reviewed.

In view of the above, can the Commission say what measures it intends to take to ensure compliance with the conservation measures laid down in the applicable regulations?

Submitted: 24.5.2023

Réponse - Commission européenne

Diffusée le 9 juillet 2023

Answer given by Mr Sinkevičius on behalf of the European Commission (10 July 2023)

The Commission has been informed through petition 350/22 (1) of this road infrastructure project which has been subject in 2003 to an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) (2) and is located in an area designated since 2014 as Special Areas of Conservation (SAC) (3).

The responsibility to authorise specific projects lies with Member States’ authorities who must ensure compliance with EU law.

Article 6(3) of the Habitats Directive provides that any plan or project not directly connected with or necessary to the management of a Natura 2000 site but likely to have a significant effect thereon shall be subject to appropriate assessment of its implications for the site in view of its conservation objectives.

Article 2 of the EIA Directive requires Member States to ensure that, before consent is given, projects likely to have significant effects on the environment are subject to a requirement for development consent and an assessment with regard to their effects. Article 3 requires this assessment to pay a particular attention to species and habitats protected by the Habitats Directive.

Pursuant to Article 8a(6), before granting authorisation, the competent authority shall be satisfied that the decision (4) on the significant effects of the project is still up to date.

If the state of the environment or the regulatory framework has changed in the period between the decision on significant effects and the development consent application, the assessment may need to be updated or extended.

1 ∙ ⸱ https://www.europarl.europa.eu/petitions/en/petition/content/0350%252F2022/html/Petition-No%25C2%25A00350%252F2022-by-Marta-Rondi-%2528Italian

%2529%252C-on-behalf-of-Europa-Verde%252C-on-the-completion-of-the-%25E2%2580%2598Nodino%25E2%2580%2599-infrastructure-project-in-Perugia %252C-Italy

2 ∙ ⸱ Under the EIA Directive: Directive 2011/92/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 December 2011 on the assessment of the effects of certain

public and private projects on the environment, OJ L 26, 28.1.2012, p. 1‐21, as amended by Directive 2014/52/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 April 2014, OJ L 124, 25.4.2014, p. 1‐18.

3 ∙ ⸱ U nder the Habitats Directive: Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora, OJ L 206, 22.7.1992,

p. 7‐50.

4 ∙ ⸱ Or the reasoned conclusion.








| | ) National judicial bodies (5) are primarily responsible for verifying that these rules are respected. The Commission focuses its enforcement actions on issues of wider principle, general practices and systematic failures to comply with EU law (6), which does not seem to be the case here.

5 ∙ ⸱ In that case, the Administrative Regional Tribunal of Umbria.

6 ∙ ⸱ ‘EU law: Better results through better application’ C(2016)8600, OJ C 18, 19.1.2017, p. 10‐20.



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