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NEWO waste‑processing and co‑incineration plant in Bari

Question écrite de Mme Rosa D'AMATO - Commission européenne

Question de Mme Rosa D'AMATO,

Diffusée le 19 octobre 2022

Subject: NEWO waste‑processing and co‑incineration plant in Bari

The company NEWO has reported that the oxy-fuel combustion process gets rid of combustible waste residue and that, to dispose of inorganic material, it can vitrify it to produce ‘glass beads’, calling it ‘end of waste’ material.

Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 (REACH) establishes that when a volume of more than 100 tonnes per year of a substance is produced, it must be tested, but that requirement has not been met.

Glass beads cannot be considered ‘end of waste’ and therefore the plant cannot be classified as a ‘co-incineration plant’. It should be classified as an incineration plant.

The best available techniques (BATs) for the waste date back to August 2018. Under Article 21(3) of Directive 2010/75/EU, within four years of that date, the competent authority has to ensure that BAT requirements have been met. That obligation has not been fulfilled, however.

Directive 2010/75/EU states that permits must include ‘measures relating to conditions other than normal operating conditions’. Those requirements were not included in the permit.

In the light of the above:

1. Does the integrated environmental permit issued by the Puglia Region to NEWO meet the criteria set out in Article 6 of Directive 98/2008/EC, Article 14(f) of Directive 2010/75/EU and Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006?

2. Is the public administration complying with Article 21(3) of Directive 2010/75/EU?

Réponse - Commission européenne

Diffusée le 15 décembre 2022

Answer given by Mr Sinkevičius on behalf of the European Commission (16 December 2022)

Installations performing activities listed in the Industrial Emissions Directive (IED) (1) are obliged to operate in accordance with permits based on the use of Best Available Techniques (BAT). BAT conclusions adopted by the Commission are the mandatory reference for competent authorities when issuing or reviewing permits.

The BAT conclusions for waste treatment were published on 10 August 2018 (2) and apply since 10 August 2022. For (co)‐ incineration of waste, BAT conclusions were published on 3 December 2019 (3) and will apply on 3 December 2023. In addition, Chapter IV of the IED provides minimum requirements for waste (co)-incineration.

The IED (4) requires Member States to include in permits measures relating to other than normal operating conditions (OTNOC). The BAT conclusions for waste (co)-incineration plants also contain provisions on OTNOC (5).

The Waste Framework Directive (6), establishes provisions under which waste can cease to be waste, subject to conditions. There are no EU-wide end-of-waste criteria for glassy material from the thermal process described. Subject to the referred article, Member States may set criteria at national level or decide on a case-by-case basis.

Registration obligations under the regulation on Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals Regulation (7) apply to all manufacturers and importers of substances above 1 tonne/year and do not necessarily require additional testing.

⋅1∙ Annex I of Directive 2010/75/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 November 2010 on industrial emissions, OJ L 334 17.12.2010.

⋅2∙ https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=uriserv%3AOJ.L_.2018.208.01.0038.01.ENG&toc=OJ%3AL%3A2018%3A208%3ATOC

⋅3∙ https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=uriserv%3AOJ.L_.2019.312.01.0055.01.ENG&toc=OJ%3AL%3A2019%3A312%3ATOC

⋅4∙ Article 14(1)(f)) ‘measures relating to conditions other than normal operating conditions such as start-up and shut-down operations, leaks, malfunctions, momentary

stoppages and definitive cessation of operations’

⋅5∙ BAT 5 and BAT 18 of the WI BATC refer to the monitoring of emissions during OTNOC and implementation of a risk-based OTNOC management plan.

⋅6∙ Article 6 of Directive 2008/98/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 November 2008 on waste, OJ L312 22.11.2008, p.3.

⋅7∙ Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 December 2006

concerning the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH), OJ L 396 30.12.2006., p.1.














| | ) The Commission understands that the installation in Bari is not in operation yet and that the permit issued in 2018 is under revision. The Commission kindly invites the Honourable Member to liaise with the responsible competent authorities in Puglia (8) for questions on the content of the revised permit.

⋅8∙ http://www.sit.puglia.it/ | | ( | | )

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