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Recovery and identification of people who have died whilst fleeing to Europe

Question écrite de M. Erik MARQUARDT - Commission européenne

Question de M. Erik MARQUARDT,

Diffusée le 18 avril 2024

Subject: Recovery and identification of people who have died whilst fleeing to Europe

Tens of thousands of people have already disappeared or died at the Union’s external borders whilst fleeing war, persecution and hardship. Often, their bodies remain undiscovered for long periods of time – if they are found at all. Only around 13 % of the deceased1 are buried, most in nameless graves. This is a persistent humanitarian crisis, in which many families are desperately waiting for answers that they are unlikely to ever receive. Despite the adoption of an EP resolution2 in 2021, there are hardly any EU or national mechanisms aimed at improving the identification of the deceased and the investigation of their deaths. This is an issue with human rights and moral implications.

1. In what ways is the Commission empowered to take measures to guarantee the dignified recovery of the deceased and procedures for their proper identification?

2. With what measures, plans or financial resources is the Commission supporting procedures that could facilitate identification (e.g. the establishment of a transnational DNA database)?

Submitted:19.4.2024

1 https://missingpersons.icrc.org/sites/default/files/2022-11/COUNTING-THE-DEAD-FINAL.pdf

2 https://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/TA-9-2021-0242_EN.html

Réponse de Commission européenne

En attente de réponse

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