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Scope and entry into force of the Deforestation Regulation

Question écrite de M. Lukas MANDL - Commission européenne

Question de M. Lukas MANDL,

Diffusée le 20 mars 2024

Subject: Scope and entry into force of the Deforestation Regulation

From 1 January 2025, Regulation (EU) 2023/1115 (the ‘Deforestation Regulation’) will oblige producers of soya and other agricultural products listed in Article 1(1) to provide comprehensive information on land use rights, environmental protection measures, labour rights and much more. This will create excessive red tape for European farmers and small farms in particular will find it hard to manage. Ending production in deforested areas is a welcome goal. However, extending the scope of the regulation to small European farms is a step too far. The regulation's entry into force must be postponed so that a risk analysis and impact assessment can be carried out.

European soya producers already adhere to the highest standards in the cultivation of their produce, which is also certified by numerous independent bodies.

1. Why is the scope of the regulation also extended to European farmers who are already subject to numerous requirements ensuring the highest standards?

2. In the Commission’s view, is there a danger that these additional requirements will cause European farmers to switch to other crops, resulting in more imports of soya from problematic sources?

3. How does the European Commission intend to support European soya farmers and has it considered delaying the entry into force of Regulation (EU) 2023/1115 by at least two years in order to allow time for a risk analysis and impact assessment?

Submitted:21.3.2024

Réponse - Commission européenne

Diffusée le 22 mai 2024

Answer given by Mr Sinkevičius on behalf of the European Commission (23 May 2024)

The EU Deforestation Regulation (EUDR) (1) is designed to apply in an even-handed and non-discriminatory manner to comply with the EU’s international commitments.

All commodities and products produced within or outside the EU covered by the EUDR will be subject to the same standards when they are placed on the EU market.

The Commission is aware that EU farmers already live up to the highest global standards in terms of quality, safety and environmental sustainability of their produce — and hence are placed in a good position to meet the requirements of the EUDR.

The Commission is committed to a fair, workable and transparent implementation of the EUDR and will address many of the concerns raised in the upcoming edition of the frequently asked questions and the guidelines according to Article 15.5 EUDR.

Adding to the fact that deforestation has been negligible within the EU in recent decades, the Commission has no evidence pointing to the possibility that EUDR would harm the competitiveness of EU farmers or cause EU producers to switch to other crops.

The Commission’s legislative proposal for the EUDR was based on an impact assessment (2) and a fitness check of the EU rules in place to tackle illegal logging (3).

The timeline for the entry into application has been decided by the co-legislators, driven by the urgency to act in view of continued high deforestation rates.

1 ∙ ⸱ Adopted by the European Parliament and Council, Regulation (EU) 2023/1115 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 31 May 2023 on the making

available on the Union market and the export from the Union of certain commodities and products associated with deforestation and forest degradation and repealing Regulation (EU) No 995/2010, OJ L 150, 9.6.2023, p. 206-247. 2 ∙ ⸱ https://environment.ec.europa.eu/publications/proposal-regulation-deforestation-free-products_en 3 ∙ ⸱ Regulation (EU) No 995/2010 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 October 2010 laying down the obligations of operators who place timber and timber products on the market, OJ L 295, 12.11.2010, p. 23-34.






| | ) The development of soya production in the EU is supported by several EU funds (4). In the approved Common Agricultural Policy Strategic plans for 2023-27, 15 Member States plan to utilise coupled income support to increase the production of oilseeds, with soya beans being the most common type of oilseeds supported (5).

4 ∙ ⸱ European Agricultural Guarantee Fund: https://commission.europa.eu/funding-tenders/find-funding/eu-funding-programmes/european-agricultural-guarantee-

fund-eagf_en

European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development: https://ec.europa.eu/info/food-farming-fisheries/key-policies/common-agricultural-policy/rural- development_en 5 ∙ ⸱

https://agriculture.ec.europa.eu/common-agricultural-policy/cap-overview/cmef/regulation-and-simplification/mapping-and-analysis-cap-strategic-plans_en



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