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Sexual exploitation of minors

Question écrite de Mme Rosa ESTARÀS FERRAGUT - Commission européenne

Question de Mme Rosa ESTARÀS FERRAGUT,

Diffusée le 25 février 2020

Subject: Sexual exploitation of minors

It has recently come to light that a group of minors cared for in reception centres overseen by the Mallorcan Institute for Social Affairs (IMAS) is being sexually exploited on the streets of Palma in exchange for drugs or money. In some cases these minors are also raped.

The Mallorca Island Council and IMAS are aware of sixteen cases of minors who have been sexually exploited, although this number could be higher. At present IMAS cares for 359 minors at its centres. The root cause of this problem lies in the inefficiency and lack of control of those responsible within the system, among other factors.

Many EU laws and actions are aimed at furthering and protecting the rights of the child.

I would therefore be interested to know:

Is the Commission considering setting up some type of programme to raise awareness and prevent the sexual abuse of minors?

What action does the Commission recommend taking to stop the proliferation of cases such as these?

What measures is the Commission proposing to protect young people in care who, given their personal circumstances, could get caught up in sexual exploitation rings?

Réponse - Commission européenne

Diffusée le 12 mai 2020

Answer given by Ms Johansson on behalf of the European Commission

(13 May 2020)

Directive 2011/93/EU (1) requires Member States to take a number of measures to prevent child sexual abuse, such as disqualification and intervention programmes for offenders, education and awareness raising. Additionally, the directive provides for education, awareness raising and training of officials.

Following the publication in December 2016 of two reports assessing the extent to which the Member States have taken the necessary measures to comply with Directive 2011/93 (2), the Commission has launched in 2018 and 2019 infringement procedures for non-compliance against 23 Member States, including Spain. Prevention is among the areas identified as requiring targeted attention across Member States.

The Commission also supports Member States in the implementation of the directive by facilitating the development and exchange of good practices. Specifically, the Commission has organised six expert workshops in the last two years.

This year, the Commission will conduct a study to assess the practical implementation of the directive and identify possible gaps, i.e. areas not sufficiently address by the directive.

The Commission also provides research funding to prevent child sexual abuse (3).

A fight against child sexual abuse is one of the Commission’s priorities and it will step up this fight in 2020. The Commission will shortly launch a number of specific initiatives to promote a proactive and strong response both from public authorities and from the private sector in the fight against this horrific crime.

Protecting children from all forms of violence will be an important feature in the new EU comprehensive strategy for the rights of the child, to be adopted in early 2021. It will also entail a set of concrete policy actions for Member States.

⋅1∙ Directive 2011/93/EU on combating the sexual abuse and sexual exploitation of children and child pornography, and replacing Council Framework

Decision 2004/68/JHA.

⋅2∙ COM(2016) 871 and COM(2016) 872.

⋅3∙ See for example,, call SU-


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