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Systematic human rights violations in Iran, with a focus on the plight of women: a call to step up EU diplomatic engagement and support regime change

Question écrite de Mme Gianna GANCIA - Commission européenne


Subject: Systematic human rights violations in Iran, with a focus on the plight of women: a call to step up EU diplomatic engagement and support regime change

The nationwide uprising in Iran from September 2022 to March 2023 highlighted the extreme brutality of the misogynistic regime, particularly targeting female students and activists. The world marvelled at the extraordinary courage and resilience of the Iranian women standing against the oppressive forces of Iran’s ruling regime.

The Iranian regime’s enforcement of oppressive dress codes and the harsh punishment for non- compliance are well documented, reflecting a broader pattern of gender-based discrimination and violence.

The significant increase in the execution of women in Iran in 2023, surpassing previous records, indicates a disturbing escalation in state-sponsored violence against women.

Bereaved mothers have sought justice for their fallen children, turning the solemn occasions of their memorials into opportunities for resistance. Dozens have faced arrest. Female political prisoners have displayed exceptional resistance and bravery, even in chains, inspiring a widespread fight for freedom despite the regime’s attacks.

Given this:

1. How can the EU utilise its diplomatic influence to support Iranian women’s quest for freedom and democracy?

2. What measures can the EU take to ensure that its stance on regime change in Iran is aligned with the promotion of democracy, human rights and the safety of Iranian citizens, especially women?

Submitted:8.3.2024

Réponse - Commission européenne

Diffusée le 26 mai 2024

Answer given by High Representative/Vice-President Borrell i Fontelles on behalf of the European Commission (27 May 2024)

As mentioned in the Council Conclusions on Iran in December 2022 (1) and in public statements, the EU has a consistent policy on condemning all forms of systemic discrimination against women and girls in Iran.

On every occasion, the EU urges Iran to implement the relevant international treaties and agreements to which it is a party and to take measures to ensure protection for women and girls against sexual and gender-based violence.

Furthermore, diplomatic efforts extend to United Nations’ (UN) fora as well, where the EU continues to be a strong supporter of UN accountability mechanisms, namely the UN Special Rapporteur on human right s (2) in Iran and international Fact- Finding Mission (3).

The EU supports the aspiration of the people of Iran for a future where their universal human rights and fundamental freedoms are respected and protected.

Finally, the EU policy towards Iran is based on critical engagement — in the Council Conclusions from December 2022, the EU and its Member States have reaffirmed their commitment to a comprehensive policy approach considering all options at their disposal: critical where necessary, and ready to engage, on the basis of mutual respect, where interests align.

1 ∙ ⸱ https://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/press/press-releases/2022/12/12/iran-council-approves-conclusions/

2 ∙ ⸱ https://www.eeas.europa.eu/delegations/un-geneva/hrc55-interactive-dialogue-special-rapporteur-human-rights-iran-eu-statement_en?s=62

3 ∙ ⸱ https://www.eeas.europa.eu/delegations/un-geneva/hrc55-interactive-dialogue-fact-finding-mission-islamic-republic-iran-eu-statement_en?s=62





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