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What measures is the Commission taking to counter the abuse and trafficking of minors in Spain?

Question écrite de M. Márton GYÖNGYÖSI - Commission européenne

Question de M. Márton GYÖNGYÖSI,

Diffusée le 16 avril 2024

Subject: What measures is the Commission taking to counter the abuse and trafficking of minors in Spain?

We are alarmed and concerned that in Spain, prostitution rings and traffickers may be operating in proximity to children’s social centres. As well as the most recent case in Murcia, similar cases have been reported in Baleares, Valencia and Navarra.

We condemn all forms of human trafficking and believe that minors, as wards of the state, are already in a vulnerable position and should be protected. We support the European Christian Political Movement’s Spanish member party Valores, which has filed an indictment against accused smugglers and perpetrators.

As many of these centres in Spain receive EU funds, we would like to know what measures the Commission has taken to combat these practices and whether the Commission has requested that the Spanish Government investigate the matter?

Supporters1

Submitted:17.4.2024

1 This question is supported by Members other than the author:Bert-Jan Ruissen(ECR),Cristian

Terheş(ECR),Anja Haga(PPE),Niels Geuking(PPE)

Réponse - Commission européenne

Diffusée le 12 juin 2024

Answer given by Ms Johansson on behalf of the European Commission (13 June 2024)

The Anti-Trafficking Directive (2) contains specific requirements on the assistance and protection of child victims, including the appointment of a guardian or a representative from the moment the child is identified by the authorities.

The newly revised Directive further strengthens these provisions and encourages Member States to ensure that national child protection systems develop specific plans to prevent human trafficking, including that of children in residential or closed-type institutions, which is a group particularly vulnerable to human trafficking.

The EU Strategy on Combatting Trafficking in Human Beings (3) contains actions specifically aimed at combating child trafficking, taking into account victims’ perspective and needs.

In addition, one of the major work strands of European Multidisciplinary Platform Against Criminal Threats (EMPACT) is to combat child trafficking and exploitation of children, by bringing together law enforcement authorities, EU agencies and civil society organisations.

Moreover, the directive on combating child sexual abuse and sexual exploitation (4) (CSA Directive) includes targeted provisions on the prevention of abuse of children, including children in vulnerable situations, and requires Member States to take measures to prevent child sexual abuse and exploitation, including in provisions on assistance to victims.

On 6 February 2024, the Commission presented a proposal for a revision of the CSA Directive (5), which reinforces the provisions on prevention and assistance to victims, including mandatory reporting and prevention of child sexual abuse in community settings.

1 ∙ ⸱ This question is supported by Members other than the author:Bert-Jan Ruissen(ECR),Cristian Terheş(ECR),Anja Haga(PPE),Niels Geuking(PPE)

2 ∙ ⸱ Directive 2011/36/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 April 2011 on preventing and combating trafficking in human beings and protecting

its victims, and replacing Council Framework Decision 2002/629/JHA, OJ L 101, 15.4.2011. 3 ∙ ⸱ https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:52021DC0171 4 ∙ ⸱ Directive 2011/92/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 December 2011 on combating the sexual abuse and sexual exploitation of children and child pornography, and replacing Council Framework Decision 2004/68/JHA, OJ L 335, 17.12.2011, p. 1. 5 ∙ ⸱ Proposal for a directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on combating the sexual abuse and sexual exploitation of children and child sexual abuse material and replacing Council Framework Decision 2004/68/JHA (recast).









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